not all cases of bloat follow the typical case study so this complicates issues!
However, knowing the “common symptoms” is key to saving your dog’s
life! You must take quick action and
get your canine friend to the hospital immediately!
Distention of the abdomen
Excessive panting and/or salivating
Attempting to vomit (retching)
Rapid heart rate
interesting tidbit on bloat comes from a study conducted by Dr. Lawrence
that we know what to look for as to symptoms, let me explain what “bloat” is
and what it does to the dog! In
short, the stomach twists (torsion or volvulus are the medical terms to describe
this twisting of the stomach). Most
everyone uses the medical terms to define the “twisting” whether it occurs
on the longitudinal axis (torsion) or the mesenteric axis (volvulus).
Wherever the “twist” occurs, it has no bearing on prognosis or
bloat/torsion occurs, the esophagus is closed off.
This closing off of the esophagus inhibits and limits the dog's ability
to relieve the distention. He cannot
vomit or belch. The spleen is often entrapped, and its blood supply is cut off.
debilitating chain of events begins. Blood
cannot return to the heart as fast as it needs to which thereby decreases
cardiac output. Cardiac arrhythmias
may follow. Toxins build up, as the
stomach lining dies. All major
organs start to be compromised. Low
blood pressure puts the dog into shock and endotoxins rapidly develop.
In some cases, the stomach ruptures and this leads to peritonitis.
diagnosis may include x-rays, an ECG, and blood tests.
However, because of the dire situation, treatment will most likely be
started well before the test results are back!
some cases, this medical therapy is sufficient. However, in many cases, surgery
is required to save the dog. Once the dog's condition is stabilized, surgery to
correct the stomach twist, remove any unhealthy tissue, and anchor the stomach
in place is performed. Recovery is
prolonged, sometimes requiring hospital stays of a week or more. Post-operative
care depends on the severity of the disease and the treatment methods.
All of this, coupled with the pathological changes in the dog's body,
makes treatment complicated, expensive, and not always successful.
is a life or death emergency!! If you even just “think” your dog may be
bloating, CALL YOUR VET IMMEDIATELY and get moving!!
DO NOT DELAY!!
always, the above information is based on my personal research.
Please consult your vet. Medical
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